Stress reaction and fractures
These usually occur in long distance runners and are more common in females. There is an association with increased intensive workouts. The majority of cases can be managed without an operation with careful attention to reducing the amount of weight put through the leg as well as decrease in physical activity.
Hip labral tear
The labrum is a fibro-cartilage tissue around the rim of the socket of your hip. It has several different functions. A tear in the labrum can occur during sporting activities and especially so if there is a bony problem that means that you are susceptible to tears. The main symptoms are sharp knife like pain in the groin with or without the sensation of keep clicking or catching.
Click to read the article “Your hips don’t lie”
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) – Hip impingement
Hip impingement occurs when there is excess bone either around the ball or the socket. This means that when your hip is flexed and rotated that extra bit of bone impacts against the labrum and cartilage. FAI is the leading cause for labral tears. It had been suggested that patients with hip impingement and abnormally shaped ball of the hip are more predisposed to developing arthritis early. However, we only treat patients with symptoms at the present time.
Sports hernia is most commonly seen in individuals playing sports that require a repetitive twisting and turning motion at high speeds. It is thought to occur due to an imbalance of thigh muscles and a relatively weak muscles of the abdomen.
This occurs due to repetitive pull of muscles over the front of the hip. This is often seen in runners and football players and is usually activity related. The condition usually resolves with rest and anti-inflammatory medication.
Contusions (hip pointer)
A direct impact/hit or blow to the outside of the hip around the pelvis (ileum bone) causes a contusion or bruising off the bone. This is called a hip pointer. Bone bruising can be very painful. Fortunately, surgery is not required and the condition settles with rest, ice and anti-inflammatory medications.
I am increasingly seeing patients with arthritis at an early age. Most people don’t realise that the hip joint is actually in the front of the body and hip arthritis manifests itself with groin pain radiating down the thigh to the knee. All athletes can also experience stiffness in the joint as well as pain. X-Rays are used to confirm they hip arthritis. Rest assured, there are number of different techniques I use to try and preserve the joint before proceeding to a hip replacement.
Evaluating hip pain
As always, a careful history and thorough examinations is required to determine the cause of hip pain. As a result of my fellowship training and consultant experience, I am able to perform specialised examination tests. This is important to do, as the hip joint is a deep structure with several different muscles and tendons surrounding it and the source of pain/discomfort can be difficult to diagnose. In the first instance I use X-rays and then depending on my clinical suspicion, other imaging modalities are used such as MRI, CT or Ultrasound.