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Understanding and Treating the Most Common Knee Injury in Skiing

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As an experienced Hip and Knee Consultant based in the heart of London, I often encounter a range of sports-related injuries. Among these, one of the most common injuries I see in skiers is the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tear. This injury is not only prevalent but can also have significant implications if not treated properly.

The ACL is a crucial ligament in your knee that provides stability and helps control the movements of your knee joint. During skiing, the ACL can be torn due to sudden stops, changes in direction, or through a fall where your knee is twisted. This type of injury is particularly common in skiing due to the high speeds, the nature of the terrain, and the force exerted on the knees.

Symptoms of an ACL tear include a popping sensation in the knee, swelling, pain, and a feeling of instability. If you experience these symptoms while skiing, it is essential to stop immediately and seek medical attention.

In terms of treatment, the approach I recommend depends on the severity of the injury and the individual’s lifestyle. For less severe tears, a conservative approach involving physiotherapy and strengthening exercises can be effective. This route aims to restore function and stability to the knee without surgery.

However, for more severe cases or for individuals who lead an active lifestyle and wish to return to high-level sporting activities, surgical intervention may be necessary. ACL reconstruction surgery involves replacing the torn ligament with a graft taken from another part of your body. This surgery is followed by a period of rehabilitation that focuses on restoring strength and flexibility to the knee.

Regardless of whether we decide to treat the ACL tear with surgery or not, I always instigate physiotherapy in the first instance and what is now termed ‘prehab’. This gets you knee in the best state possible if surgery is indicated. Prehab has been shown to result in better outcomes after hip and knee surgery.

Prevention is always better than cure. I advise skiers to engage in pre-ski season conditioning, focusing on strengthening the muscles around the knee, improving balance, and enhancing flexibility. Additionally, using proper equipment and learning correct skiing techniques can significantly reduce the risk of an ACL tear.

In conclusion, while the ACL tear is a common and potentially serious injury for skiers, with the right approach, it can be effectively treated. Whether through conservative management or surgical intervention, my goal is to ensure that each patient receives the most appropriate treatment for their specific needs, allowing them to return to their favourite activities with confidence and safety.

If you’re struggling with a knee injury, seeking professional advice, or simply need guidance on your path to recovery, I am here to help. As a dedicated Hip and Knee Consultant in London, I offer personalised consultations tailored to your unique situation. Don’t let an injury keep you from the activities you love. Reach out to me through my website’s contact section here, and let’s work together towards your optimal health and mobility.

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